Faktor Manusia

Manusia adalah faktor yang paling penting dalam interaksi manusia dan komputer. Karena manusia sebagai pembuat dan pengguna sangatlah di utamankan. Faktor manusia dapat dipandang sebagai sistem pemroses informasi:

Manusia merupakan aspek penting dalam sebuah sistem komputer, untuk membuat keseimbangan antara model sistem komputer dan manusia sebagai pengguna, maka perancang sistem juga harus memodelkan manusia dengan cara yang sama. Hal ini tidak mudah, karena manusia lebih susah untuk diprediksi, kurang konsisten dan kurang deterministik dibandingkan komputer

  1. informasi diterima dan ditanggapi melalui saluran input-output (indera)
  2. informasi disimpan dalam ingatan (memori)
  3. informasi diproses dan diaplikasikan dalam berbagai cara
TUJUAN PERANCANGAN ANTARMUKA PEMAKAI
  • Penentuan sasaran masyarakat pemakai dan tugas-tugasnya sangat penting.
  • Desain yang baik bagi komunitas yang satu bisa tidak sesuai bagi komunitas lainnya.
  • Desain yang efisien bagi sekumpulan tugas dapat tidak efisien bagi kumpulan lainnya.

Informasi pada manusia diterima dan direspon melalui sejumlah saluran input output di bawah ini:

  1. Saluran penglihatan (visual channel)
  2. Saluran pendengaran (auditory channel)
  3. Saluran peraba (heptic channel)
  4. Pergerakan (movement)

PEMODELAN SISTEM PENGOLAHAN

  • Model sistem pengolahan manusia terdiri dari pengolahan perseptual, pengolahan intelektual dan pengendalian motorik yang beinteraksi dengan memori manusia.
  • Model sistem komputer terdiri dari pengolah (processor) dan memori. Interaksi keduanya melalui bus

PENGENDALIAN MOTORIK

Pengendalian motorik pada manusia dapat dilatih untuk mencapai taraf tertentu seperti mengetik 10 jari untuk kecepatan 1000 huruf permenit

 

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